Narrative Text

narrative text..

Pengertian Narrative Text

Narative text adalah text yang menceritakan kejadian di masa lampau dan bertujuan untuk menghibur pembaca. Beberapa jenis narative text adalah; dongeng, fabel, folklore

Struktur dari narrative text terdapat empat tahapan dalam, yaitu:
  1. Orientation
Orientation atau biasa disebut dengan pendahuluan, berisi tentang siapa, kapan, di mana suatu cerita ditetapkan
  1. Complication
Complication menceritakan awal masalah yang menyebabkan puncak masalah atau yang biasa disebut dengan klimaks. Bagian ini biasanya melibatkan karakter utama dari cerita tersebut.
  1. Resolution
Bagian ini adalah akhir dari cerita atau berupa solusi dari masalah yang terjadi. Masalah dapat diselesaikan dapat menjadi lebih baik atau malah lebih buruk yang nantinya akan membuat cerita berakhir dengan bahagia atau sebaliknya.
Terkadang, ada beberapa resolusi yang berupa masalah lain untuk dipecahkan. Hal ini sengaja dibuat oleh penulis untuk menambah dan mempertahankan minat dan ketegangan bagi pembacanya. Biasanya, jenis resolusi ini terdapat pada genre mysteries dan horror.
  1. Re-orientation
Bagian ini adalah penutup dari suatu cerita yang bersifat opsional. Re-orientation bisa berisi tentang pelajaran moral, saran atau pengajaran dari penulis.

Contoh Narrative Text

narrative text ...
Cinderella
Once upon a time, there lived a girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step mother and two step sisters. The step mother and her two daughters didn’t like Cinderella. They treated Cincerella very bad. Cinderella usually did the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family, and so on.
One day, a ball was to be held by the royal family of the kingdom to find the Prince’s spouse. Cinderella wanted to go to the ball but her step mother asked her to stay at home and do the house works. Cinderella cried. Then there was a fairy godmother standing beside her.
“Why are you crying, Cinderella?”, the fairy godmother asked.
“Because I want to go to the ball but my step mother insists me to stay at home. Besides, I don’t have any beautiful dress” said Cinderella.
Then the fairy turned Cinderella’s ugly dress became the most beautiful dress and with beautiful slippers. The fairy also turned a pumpkin into a parking coach and the mice become six white horses. Cinderella fiinally could go to the ball but she had to come back before midnight before the spell ended.
At the ball, Cinderella amazed everybody there include the Prince. The Prince asked her to dance. Cinderella had a wonderful time at the ball. But, all of a sudden, she heard the sound of a clock, the first stroke of midnight. Remembered what the fairy had said, Cinderella ran back to go home. But she lost one of her slippers in ballroom. The Prince picked up her slipper and would search for the girl whose foot fitted with the slipper.
A few days later, the Prince proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the King’s solder let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.
Finally, she was driven to the palace. The Prince was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and live happily ever after..

Ciri-ciri:
  • Menggunakan Action Verb dalam bentuk Past tenses seperti: lived, treated, didn’t, dan lain sebagainya. S + Verb 2 + O
  • Menggunakan Noun tertentu untuk sebagai kata ganti orang seperti: the Prince.
  • Menggunakan Adjective yang membentuk Noun Phrase seperti: the most beautiful dress.
  • Menggunakan Conjunction untuk mengurutkan kejadian-kejadian seperti: then, a few days later, finally, dan lain sebagainya.
  • Menggunakan Adverb dan Adverbial Phrase untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa seperti: happily ever after.
Generic Structure:
  • Orientation
Once upon a time, there lived a girl named Cinderella….
  • Complication
Cinderella wanted to go to the ball but her step mother asked her to stay at home and do the house works…
  • Resolution
In the end, the King’s solder let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.



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