Passive Voice






Passive voice in Bahasa indonesia is called "Kalimat pasif"

Berikut ini saya jelaskan rumus perubahannya dari kalimat pasif ke kalimat aktif

Simple Present Tense

Active                            Passive
S+Verb1/s+O              S+be+Verb3+ by + agen

Doni eats Banana        
Banana is eaten by him

Santi closes the door  
The door is closed by her

I bring that flowers    
That flowers are brought by me


Simple Past Tense

Active                              Passive
S+Verb2+O                 S+be+Verb3+ by + agen

Doni ate Banana          

Banana was eaten by him

Santi closed the door   

The door was closed by her

I brought that flowers 

That flowers were brought by me


Present Perfect Tense

Active                                          Passive
S+ has/have +Verb3+O    S+has/have +been+

                                         Verb3+ by + agen

Doni has eaten Banana         

Banana has beeeaten by him

Santi has closed the door      

The door has been  closed by her

I have brought that flowers  

That flowers have been brought by me

Past Perfect Tense

Active                                            Passive
S+ had +Verb3+O               S+had +been+Verb3+ 

                                           by + agen

Doni had eaten Banana     

Banana had been eaten by him

Santi had closed the door 

The door had been closed by her

I had brought that flowers 

That flowers had been brought by me


Simple FutureTense

Active                                 Passive
S+will+Verb1+O        S+will +be+Verb3+ by + agen

Doni will eat Banana     

Banana will be eaten by him

Santi will close the door 

The door will be closed by her

I will bring that flowers

That flowers will be brought by me


Present Continuous Tense

Active                                         Passive
S+be+Verb ing+O                S+be+being+Verb3+

                                               by + agen

Doni is cleaning the desk   

The desk is being cleaned by him

Santi is closing the door   

The door is being closed by her

I am bringing that flowers  

That flowers are being brought by me


                                       

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